A Guide to French Relative Pronouns


Perhaps you can no longer recall what relative pronouns are. To refresh your memory, relative pronouns in the English language are the following words: who, which, that, whom, and where. These words tell us who the person being referred to is. Here are some sentences that use relative pronouns.
The boy who plays the guitar is my brother.
The store, which was burned to the ground, is owned by my uncle. 
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Using the formal use of grammar, a relative pronoun is used to connect the relative clause to the main clause. It also functions as a replacement to the subject, direct object, indirect object, or preposition. 
In the French language, relative pronouns have the same usage. The words they use are qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquell, don’t, and o.
When referring to persons of things, qui or que is used. Qui is used for the subject or indirect object for persons while que is used for the direct object. After the prepositions a, de or pour, qui is used. The subject qui could mean who, which, or that. Que, on the other hand, cold mean who, whom, which, or that. If the relative pronoun que precedes a word that starts with a vowel or begins with a letter h, it is written as qu’. In English, you can interchange the relative pronouns who, which , and that but in French qui and que have strict uses.
Lequel means which and is used for indirect object. When it refers to things it follows the prepositions , de or pour. It also has to agree with the gender of the noun and whether it is singular or plural. So, the masculine singular is lequel, the masculine plural is lesquels. The feminine singular is laquelle, and the feminine plural is lesquelles. All of these words French words simply mean ‘which.’ You also need to consider the combinations of words which creates a new word altogether.
Dont is another French relative pronoun which means whose, of whom, of which. It can refer to persons or things.
Click here for more info. This pronouns does not change its from and it does not have to agree with anything. 
The relative pronoun o is used for places and times. In English this would mean where , when or which depending on how it is used. It is also used as a question word which is used in basically the same way as its use as a relative pronoun. It can also be used to refer a time an event has occurred. In its relative pronoun function is can take the of the words when and where. It can also be used after prepositions.
Learn more from https://www.huffingtonpost.ca/michael-binnion/french-in-30-days-logibec_b_4039593.html.

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